(Français) BLOIS 2016 – Partir faire la Guerre froide à l’Ouest

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Retrouvez l’article des Clionautes sur la conférence modérée par François Xavier Nérard aux Rendez-vous de l’Histoire à Blois sur le thème :

Partir faire la Guerre froide à l’Ouest

L’un des plaisirs de Blois est de rencontrer de jeunes universitaires qui, le temps d’une conférence, viennent expliquer leur travail. La fraîcheur est au rendez-vous avec, ce qui est plus rare, un sens du récit qui sait alterner explications concises et illustrations éclairantes. Plusieurs anecdotes à la fois drôles et exploitables raviront le professeur qui enseigne la Guerre froide.

Présentation des conférenciers
La conférence est une Carte Blanche à l’UMR SIRICE (Sorbonne, Identités, Relations internationales et Civilisations de l’Europe). François-Xavier Nérard, maître de conférence à Panthéon-Sorbonne, est le modérateur.
Sylvain Dufraisse, professeur agrégé, vient de soutenir une thèse intitulée “Les héros du sport. La fabrique de l’élite sportive soviétique (1934-1980)”.
Sophie Momsikoff, professeur agrégée, vient également de soutenir une thèse sur les années Gorbatchev, intitulée “La Nouvelle Pensée gorbatchévienne, origines et influences, hommes et réseaux, 1956-1992 “
Isabelle Gouarné, docteur en sociologie est chargée de recherches au CNRS. Elle intervient ici pour aborder les scientifiques soviétiques.
Enfin, Stéphanie Gonçalves travaille sur les ballets et vient également de soutenir une thèse sur le sujet (“Une guerre des étoiles : les tournées de ballet dans la diplomatie culturelle de la Guerre froide, 1945-1968”).

PNG - 283.8 ko

La conférence
Le modérateur, François-Xavier Nérard rappelle que le travail sur les délégations soviétiques a donné lieu à une publication : « L’URSS à l’étranger », Cahiers SIRICE(en ligne sur CAIRN). L’URSS et l’étranger sont deux aspects souvent dissociés. Au mieux, on s’interroge sur les Occidentaux qui visitent l’URSS, comme Tintin au pays des Soviets. Mais la plupart du temps, on reste dans un angle mort, hormis pour évoquer complaisamment les défections, ceux qui ont fui l’URSS. En effet, dans l’imaginaire collectif, l’URSS est une prison des peuples dont personne ne sort. C’est oublier tous ceux qui, pour des raisons temporaires et valables, doivent quitter l’URSS : athlètes, danseurs, scientifiques, etc.
L’idée est de faire une histoire concrète, la moins inféodée possible à l’histoire officielle qui tend à gonfler le rôle de l’État.

 

Lire la suite sur le site des Clionautes.
Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Call for application: Chaire d’excellence, Research strand 5: The Europe of Wars and the Traces of War

A genuine incubator of research, the LabEx EHNE thus provides an exceptional framework for reflecting on the history of the European continent, while offering to popularize the results of this research with a broad public. The creation of a digital encyclopedia (www.ehne.fr) represents one of its primary objectives in this regard.

The project brings together five partner laboratories from three university institutions (the universités Paris 1 Paris-Sorbonne and Paris-Sorbonne, université de Nantes), as well as the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). It is led by Professor Éric Bussière (université Paris-Sorbonne, UMR 8138 Sirice).

Within the LabEx, research strand 5 explores the central role that war and its aftermath have played in modern European history. Its researchers study wars along with their material, memorial, and mental traces…in an interdisciplinary manner and within a European context that is beyond national histories or overly tight chronologies, which are overrepresented in studies regarding war. They consequently seek to understand war in all of its dimensions, including material, human, economic, and symbolic ones. Their research aims to redefine certain keywords – such as guerilla warfare, small wars, civil war, world war, Cold War – as well as to generate new approaches. It also involves calling into question the paths used for a peaceful cohabitation after a conflict. Is it possible to live together (once again) ? Can the post-genocidal period be likened to a kind of war? What paths are chosen to put an end to conflicts (treaties, reparations, repentance…), or for the process of rapprochement and reconciliation? Researchers also reflect on the traces left by conflicts, both collective ones such as memorials, and individuals ones such as testimony. These questions and many others are explored through ten evocative themes: occupations, displacement, memorialization, reconciliation, victors/vanquished, reparations, representing war, when war disrupts gender, violence, objects, judging war.

Candidates should show in their applications what their research could contribute to the collective project of LabEx EHNE research strand 5. We will pay special attention to candidates that plan to develop subjects dealing with war, for example one of the three following topics: war and economy, war and law, combatants in war.

 

The selected candidate must organize a study day, write encyclopedia entries (at least two, www.ehne.fr), and participate in/organize conferences or seminars in connection with the research strand 5.

 

Calendar:

A stay for one to three month(s) during 2017: either between February and June, or between September and November (period to be specified)

Requirements for eligibility:

  • Senior researchers holding a position or affiliated with a foreign institution
  • Strong mastery of French and/or English

Hosting Conditions:

  • Compensation: pay equivalent to that of a professor of exceptional class (monthly salary: 4 800 € net)
  • Transportation: the LabEx EHNE will pay for a round-trip ticket for the selected candidate between their place of customary residence and Paris
  • Research resources: availability of an office with computer equipment
  • Obligatory Paris residence

Candidature:

  • The application should be written in French or English
  • It should be sent no later than October 31, 2016
  • Responses will be sent on November 15, 2016

 

The documents should be sent in a single electronic file to the following address: labexguerres@gmail.com

 

The application must imperatively include the following:

  • Complete application form
  • Curriculum vitae including a complete list of publications
  • Presentation of the research project (maximum 5 pages) followed by a selective bibliography
  • A short presentation of the academic manifestation-s planned (round table…)
  • One or two articles that the candidate would like to bring to the selection committee’s attention
Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Call for papers : The Berlin airlift. A Realm of Memory of the Cold War

International Conference

Berlin, March 13/14, 2017

“People of the world, people in America, in England, in France, in Italy! Look upon this city and see that you must not, you cannot, forsake us!” Those soon to be famous words, delivered on September 9, 1948 by Berlin’s then mayor Ernst Reuter, were more than a speech to the residents of the former imperial capital; they also announced to the world that Berlin – an “outpost of freedom” – would become the focal point of the looming Cold War. Far beyond Germany, Reuter pointed to the threat the Cold War posed to the “West” and called upon “free nations” to defy that challenge by closing ranks. Whether or not “the entire world” was looking at Berlin, as Reuter asserted, is one of the central questions to be addressed at our conference. Starting from the “frontline city” of Berlin, we will cast our glance to West Germany and its neighboring countries in order not only to frame the Berlin Airlift as a transnational memorial of the Cold War, but also to address, from outside, the question of whether Berlin was really the international focus of the East-West conflict back then, as the press and academia so often portray it.

Even today, Berlin is a multi-layered landscape of memory informed by the Cold War, which has left its tangible and intangible marks, with the Airlift, Tempelhof Airport, the Airlift memorial, and the “Platz der Luftbrücke” metro station prominent among them. For the generation that experienced West Berlin at the time, those are what Pierre Nora termed “lieux de mémoire,” or “realms of memory,” endowing their identity and a part of their collective memory. In their three-volume book about German “realms of memory,” Etienne François and Hagen Schulze wrote that these are “enduring crystallization points of collective memory and identity that outlive generations.” If that is true, then the question arises to what extent later generations, or those moving to the city (still) adopt the Airlift as part of their collective West Berliner memory.

Cultural memory is the result of ongoing political and societal processes of negotiation. So the issues raised with the “Airlift realm of memory” are when the construction process began, what the motivations were, which players were part of the process, how it developed beginning in 1948/49, and what significance we can accord it almost 70 years later. Realms of memory are not limited to localities and material objects alone. They are also manifest in personalities, mythical figures, rituals, traditions, and symbols. In those forms, they effectively take on their own gestalt, or they forge a conceptual theme, and condense collective associations.

It is not the intent of this conference to entirely ignore the political, economic, military, technological, and humanitarian challenges occasioned by the Berlin Blockade and the Airlift, or the consequences for the Cold War, or the division of Berlin and Germany. But the primary focus will be to use  analysis of the various media (press, newsreels etc.) to examine the direct perception of those central Cold War events by the victorious powers, in West Germany, and in the Soviet occupation zone/East Germany. In addition, we will illuminate memories of the Blockade and the Airlift by examining the ceremonial aspects (organization, process, response) and public speeches (development of a narrative); the anniversary and its symbols (posters, stamps etc.); how they are embedded in Berlin’s topography and beyond (monuments, plaques, renaming of streets); and the museum aspects (memorial sites, Tempelhof Airport, Allied Museum, memorial site in Fassberg etc.). In that way, we can uncover the formative historical-social references and symbolism of the memory site “Airlift.” We will also incorporate a look at how the Airlift has been dealt with in the various forms of artistic expression, such as film (fiction and documentary), photography, literature (novels, thrillers, comics etc.), music, and painting, as well as an analysis of other media such as radio, video games, and even textbooks. For it is only via these various avenues that can we achieve a true impression of how the memory site “Airlift” is embedded in society.

The conference will take an interdisciplinary approach and is directed not only at historians, but also political scientists, teachers, and literary, media, art, and music theorists. The invitation to the colloquium is addressed explicitly to both experienced and younger researchers from the humanities and social sciences. Lectures can be presented in either German or English and should be a maximum of 20 minutes long, in order to leave room for discussion. The exact structure of the event will depend on the suggestions we receive. By submitting a topic, you are also agreeing to provide a piece for the conference catalogue, which will be published in the spring of 2018. Travel and accommodation costs will be reimbursed in accordance with the amount of external funding brought in.

 

Please submit a suggested topic, a précis of your presentation (2500 characters), and a CV by July 10, 2016, to Ulrich Pfeil (upfeil@orange.fr) and Corine Defrance (corine.defrance@wanadoo.fr).


The conference’s advisory council will be responsible for the selection of presentations. It is made up of Corine Defrance, Bernd Greiner, Bettina Greiner, Bernd von Kostka and Ulrich Pfeil.

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Call for application : Chaire d’excellence, LabEx EHNE Research strand 5: The Europe of Wars and the Traces of War

In connection with the LabEx EHNE project (Écrire une histoire nouvelle de l’EuropeWriting a New History of Europe), research strand 5 (The Europe of Wars and the Traces of War) will host, for a two-month period, an academic researcher who currently holds a position in a foreign institution, in order to include him or her in the laboratory’s research, and to contribute to the internationalization of this research.

The primary goal of the LabEx EHNE is to help explain the crisis Europe is currently experiencing by constructing a new historiography intended both for the academic world as well as teachers, citizens, and politicians.
A genuine incubator of research, the LabEx EHNE thus provides an exceptional framework for reflecting on the history of the European continent, while offering to popularize the results of this research with a broad public. The creation of a digital encyclopedia (www.ehne.fr) represents one of its primary objectives in this regard. The project brings together five partner laboratories from three university institutions (the universités Paris 1 Paris-Sorbonne and Paris-Sorbonne, université de Nantes), as well as the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). It is led by Professor Éric Bussière (université Paris-Sorbonne, UMR 8138 Sirice).

Within the LabEx, research strand 5 explores the central role that war and its aftermath have played in modern European history. Its researchers study wars along with their material, memorial, and mental traces…in an interdisciplinary manner and within a European context that is beyond national histories or overly tight chronologies, which are overrepresented in studies regarding war. They consequently seek to understand war in all of its dimensions, including material, human, economic, and symbolic ones. Their research aims to redefine certain keywords – such as guerilla warfare, small wars, civil war, world war, Cold War – as well as to generate new approaches. It also involves calling into question the paths used for a peaceful cohabitation after a conflict. Is it possible to live together (once again) ? Can the postgenocidal period be likened to a kind of war? What paths are chosen to put an end to conflicts (treaties, reparations, repentance…), or for the process of rapprochement and reconciliation? Researchers also reflect on the traces left by conflicts, both collective ones such as memorials, and individuals ones such as testimony. These questions and many others are explored through ten evocative themes: occupations, displacement, memorialization, reconciliation, victors/vanquished, reparations, representing war, when war disrupts gender, violence, objects, judging war.

 

Candidates should show in their applications what their research could contribute to the collective project of LabEx EHNE research strand 5. We will pay special, but by no means exclusive, attention to candidates that plan to develop one of the three following subjects: war and economy, war and law, combatants in war.

The selected candidate must organize a study day, write encyclopedia entries (at least two, www.ehne.fr), and participate in/organize conferences or seminars in connection with the research strand 5.

Calendar :
Two-month stay during 2017 : either between February and June, or between September and November.

Requirements for eligibility :
– researchers holding an HDR (habilitation à diriger les recherches) or an equivalent diploma, affiliated with a foreign institution
– Strong mastery of French and/or English

Hosting Conditions :
– Compensation: pay equivalent to that of a professor of exceptional class (monthly salary: 4 800 € net)
– Transportation: the LabEx EHNE will pay for a round-trip ticket for the selected candidate between their place of customary residence and Paris
– Research resources: availability of an office with computer equipment
– Obligatory Paris residence

Candidature :
– The application should be written in French or English
– It should be sent no later than September 1, 2016
– Responses will be sent on September 15, 2016

The documents should be sent in a single electronic file to the following address: labexguerres@gmail.com

The application must imperatively include the following :
– Complete application form
– Curriculum vitae including a complete list of publications
– Presentation of the research project (maximum 5 pages) followed by a selective bibliography
– One or two articles that the candidate would like to bring to the selection committee’s attention

 

Download : Application form_chaire d excellence_LabEx EHNE 5_EN
Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail

(Français) Personnes déplacées et guerre froide en Allemagne occupée

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

DefranceDenisPersonnesDeplacees

Corine DEFRANCE, Juliette DENIS, Julia MASPERO (éds.), Personnes déplacées et guerre froide en Allemagne occupée, Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2015.

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail

(Français) Colloque international : Discriminés – exterminés – oubliés Patients psychiatriques et handicapés en URSS durant l’occupation nazie

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Paris, 21-23 janvier 2016

Lieu : En Sorbonne, Amphithéâtre Michelet, entrée : 46, Boulevard Saint-Jacques, Paris 5e

Inscription obligatoire pour mesures de sécurité (sauf cartes Paris-Sorbonne ou Paris I) à l’adresse : labexguerres@gmail.com

Colloque international

Discriminés – exterminés – oubliés.
Patients psychiatriques et handicapés en URSS durant l’occupation nazie

Diskriminiert – vernichtet – vergessen.
Psychiatriepatienten und Behinderte in der Sowjetunion unter nationalsozialistischer Besatzung

Discriminated – exterminated – forgotten.
Psychiatric patients and disabled persons in the Soviet Union during Nazi occupation

Université Paris-Sorbonne et Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Labex EHNE « Écrire une Nouvelle Histoire de l’Europe » – Axe 5 « L’Europe des guerres et des traces de guerres »
Université de la Sarre (Allemagne)

(more…)

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterestlinkedintumblrmail