Migration of Twentieth Century European Dance Artists

Anna Pavlova at the Gare du Nord, 1930, press photograph, Agence Meurisse.

Dance artists, whether they were dancers, dance instructors, ballet masters, or choreographers, have always travelled to practice their art. Their journeys, which were voluntary in the case of training or tours, were sometimes forced by war, epidemics, or political and financial reasons. While French and Italian artists migrated throughout Europe during the early days of the professionalization of ballet, the political upheaval that marked the continent during the early twentieth century led to increased migration, primarily from East to West. For all that, growing globalization of exchanges also favoured the mobility of dance artists across Europe and toward America.