The evolution of the exploitation of forests in Finland fits into the logics of state and private firms. It is also characterized by the importance of technology transfers. They accompany major evolutions in this crucial activity for the country, and put Finland at the crossroads of multiple influences and actors’ initiatives. Forestry is an essential activity for the country, which is is one of the most forested countries in Europe, with trees covering two-thirds of its area. Today it plays a key role in many European projects and in arenas like Forest Europe, a discussion platform on the sustainable development of forests.