Conference: From the Balkans to the World: Going to War, 1914-1918. A Local and Global Perspective

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Colloque international. Unesco, Paris, 13-15 novembre 2014.

Organisateurs

  • CIPSH (Conseil international de la philosophie et des sciences humaines)
  • CISH (Comité international des Sciences historiques)
  • Mission du Centenaire 14-18
  • UMR Irice (Unité mixte de recherches Identités, Relations Internationales et Civilisations de l’Europe, CNRS-Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne – Université Paris-Sorbonne)

Lieu : Unesco, 7 place de Fontenoy, Paris 7e, salle IV

Jeudi 13 novembre/Thursday 13 November

14h : Ouverture/Opening: Marjatta HIETALA, présidente du CISH

  • Introduction : Antoine PROST, président du conseil scientifique de la Mission du Centenaire:L’évolution de l’historiographie de la Grande Guerre / The Historiography of WW1
  • 14h45-15h15 : Rapporteur/discussant : Olivier FORCADE, université Paris-Sorbonne

15h15-17h : Table ronde/Round Table

  • Angeliki MOUZAKITI, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Iași University — Contradicting Historical Interpretations: The Image of the Sarajevo Assassination and the Interpretation of the Great War in the Serbian and Bosnian Muslim Historiography from early 90’s and onwards
  • Geoff KEELAN, Waterloo University — Experiential History: Divergent Canadian Historiography of the First World War
  • Sacha ZALA, Bern University — History as Continuation of War by Other Means: The War of Documents in the War-Guilt Controversy
  • Klaus SCHWABE, Aix-la-Chapelle University — Gerhard Ritter, German Militarism and the Coming of World War One: Witness and Historian
  • Tomasz SCHRAMM, Université de Poznan — L’historiographie polonaise
  • Marco MONDINI, Istituto Storico Italo-Germanico/Université de Padoue — L’historiographie italienne de la Grande Guerre
  • Hirotaka WATANABE, Université de Tokyo — L’état des recherches sur la Grande Guerre au Japon

17h15-18h : Discussion générale

En soirée/Evening

Keynote Speech de Gerd KRUMEICH : La Kriegsschuldfrage

Vendredi 14 novembre matin/Friday 14 November AM

Les entrées en guerre, les processus de décision / Entering the War: the Decision Making Process (1)

9h15-9h45 : Rapporteur/Discussant : Stéfanie PREZIOSO, Université de Lausanne

9h45-11h15 : Table ronde/Round Table

  • Gabriel LEANCA, Université Alexandru Ioan Cuza (Iași) et Université de Bourgogne — L’entrée dans la Grande Guerre de la Roumanie, la chute du front russe et les limites de la paix à l’Est
  • Catherine HOREL, CNRS, UMR Irice — La mobilisation dans l’empire austro-hongrois
  • Javier MORENO-LUZÓN, Universidad Complutense Madrid — Risky Neutrality: Spain and the Great War
  • Maria Fernanda ROLLO & Ana Paula PIRES, Universidade Nova Lisboa — From Portugal to the World… The Portuguese Participation in the First World War
  • Joan BEAUMONT, Australian National University — Australia and New Zealand Going to War
  • Fabrice JESNÉ, Université de Nantes — L’Italie de la neutralité à l’intervention : le rôle des questions balkaniques
  • Yaron HAREL, Bar Ilan University — War and Exile: Zionism and Zionists in War

11h30-12h15 : Discussion générale

Vendredi 14 novembre après-midi /Friday 14 November PM

Les entrées en guerre, les processus de décision / Entering the War: the Decision Making Process (2)

14h -14h30 : Rapporteur/Discussant : John HORNE, Trinity College, Dublin

14h30-16h15 : Table ronde/Round Table

  • Nicolas VAICBOURDT, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne — America’s Road to War (1914-
    1917)
  • Maurice CARREZ, IHEE/IEP Strasbourg — La fin d’un monde ? Les premiers mois de la Première Guerre mondiale dans le nord et l’est de la Baltique
  • Maja NIKOLOVA, Museum Adviser, Belgrade — Suspense in Belgrade at the Beginning of the Great War
  • Nicolas PITSOS, Inalco, Paris — Entrer ou ne pas entrer en guerre : bataille médiatique et politique en Grèce, 1914-1917
  • Claudia REICHL-HAM, Austrian Military Museum — Between Entente and Central Powers: The Ottoman Empire On Its Way To War
  • Victor AVDEEV, Moscow State Lomonosov University — Ideology of the “Second Patriotic war” and Russian Realpolitik Aims in Global Conflict of 1914-1918
  • José Flávio SARAIVA, Brasilia University — Brazil Goes to War
  • Julio DJENDEREDJIAN, Buenos Aires University — War is not an Option. Debates and Motives over Argentina Non-Entry into World War I, 1914-1918

16h30-17h15 : Discussion générale

Samedi 15 novembre matin/Saturday 15 November AM

Être en guerre. Entrer dans la mêlée / At War. Entering the Fight

9h15-9h45 : Rapporteur/Discussant : Frédéric GUELTON, Service historique de la Défense, Paris

9h45-11h15 : Table ronde/Round Table

  • Reiner POMMERIN, Dresde University — South Africa in War
  • Chantal KESTELOOT, Centre d’études et de documentation Guerre et Sociétés contemporaines, Cegesoma, Bruxelles — Bruxelles dans la guerre
  • Rita PAOLINI, Université de Milan — Le concours des Indiens
  • Shinji ASADA, Komazawa University, Tokyo — The Siege of Tsingtao in 1914
  • Alfredo CANAVERO, Université de Milan — La presse italienne en guerre
  • Yvan COMBEAU, Université de la Réunion — La guerre et les îles de l’océan Indien
  • Karen OFFEN, Stanford University — How the International Women’s Organizations “Entered” the War

11h30-12h : Discussion générale

Samedi 15 novembre après-midi/Saturday 15 November PM

Les mémoires de la Grande Guerre, 1914-2014 : hors des Balkans / Memories of WW1 : Out of the Balkans

13h30 -14h : Rapporteur/Discussant : Nicola LABANCA, Université de Sienne

14h-15h30 : Table ronde/Round Table

  • Guillaume PAYEN, Université Paris-Sorbonne — De la rancœur à l’indifférence. La mémoire allemande de la Grande Guerre : une mémoire de vaincus (1914-2014) ?
  • Isabelle DAVION, Université Paris-Sorbonne/UMR Irice — Who Died for the Homeland? Commemorating the Great War in a Former Austro-Hungarian Territory
  • Nadine AKHUND, UMR Irice & Stéphane TISON, Université du Maine — Correspondance de Guerre : un témoignage inédit de la Fondation Carnegie pour la Paix internationale
  • Werner TRESS, Center for Jewish Studies, Berlin — Adrienne Thomas or World War I from the Point of View of a German-Jewish Woman in Alsace-Lorraine
  • Marcin JARZĄBEK, Jagiellonian University, Krakow — Historical Experience without Social Framework of Memory. First World War and Polish Collective Memory
  • Thomas FISCHER, Eichstätt Catholic University — The Contribution of Neutrality to the Construction of a Latin American Identity
  • Erik SJÖBERG, Stanford University — National Memory, National “Amnesia”: the Greek Asia Minor Expedition in Greece’s Memory Wars

15h30-16h : Discussion générale

Mémoires balkaniques de la Grande Guerre au prisme des mémoires des guerres de 1992-1999 / Balkan Memories of WW1 in the Light of the 1992-1999 Wars’ Memories

16h30-17h30 : Rapporteur/Discussant : Élise JULIEN, Institut d’études politiques de Lille

  • Stanislav SRETENOVIC, Université de Belgrade — Les images de Gavrilo Princip dans l’espace des Slaves du Sud, 1914-2014
  • Muharem BAZDULJ, Université de Sarajevo — Mémoires serbes de Bosnie
  • Slobodan SOJA, Sarajevo — Mémoires croates et musulmanes de Bosnie

17h30-18h : Discussion générale

18h : Conclusions : Robert FRANK et Catherine HOREL

Sans titre

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Call for papers: Table and diplomacy from the Middle Ages to the present day, Paris, 3, 4, 5 november 2016

Co-organisers

  • L. Badel (Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University),
  • L. Bély (Paris Sorbonne University),
  • J.-P. Williot (Tours University),
  • M. de Ferrière (UNESCO Chair, Tours University).

Registered within the framework of the programmes of Labex EHNE ; UMR IRICE ; EA 6294 LÉA ; the UNESCO Chair in the Sauvegarde et valorisation des patrimoines culturels alimentaires (Safeguarding and Enrichment of Cultural Food Heritages) and IEHCA.

Summary

table-3-1024x351A meal served to soldiers on the plain of Simmering, supper with Tsar Alexander, a banquet at the Kaunitz Palace, gastronomic splendour at Talleyrand’s receptions – the facts are known. As Charles-Joseph de Ligne recounted in his Mémoires, the table played an essential role during the Congress of Vienna. Referred to here as a prominent feature of the cycle of diplomatic talks which determined the reconfiguration of Europe in around 1815, culinary staging and presentation actually belongs to a long, multifaceted, and multicultural history of diplomatic practices. Instances are to be found in the history of the Numidian kings, in the banquets given before going on Crusade in the Middle Ages, and at the court of the Emperor of China as well as in the structure of state dinners and present-day international meetings, such as the G8 or G20. It will also be postulated that all civilisations – whether they be Amerindian, African, or Asian, from Mediterranean or barbarian Europe, Levantine or Ottoman, Arab-Islamic or Indian, or in the immensity of the Pacific and Oceania – have assimilated the need to do this. The importance of the meal as a mediation tool brings into play the art of the cook and the serving of drinks, sometimes the elegance of the setting and the tableware, and also at times the unlikely simplicity of a makeshift shelter. It plays a part in the creation of table-companionship situations, which are propitious to the negotiations which it prepares, accompanies, or rewards. It establishes reception protocols. It contributes to exchange and to mutual understanding. It is also an important vehicle for the economic promotion and development of national products and food-related expertise, as well as being a prestigious showcase for powerful nations. In the encounter or confrontation of cultures, it promotes the differences linked to newly-discovered products, as well as languages or local food practices. As a vector of a public diplomacy, the table can conversely prove to be a frontier marking numerous cultural differences. The lack of knowledge about food-related symbolism, the psychological barriers relating to certain foods, and religious taboos, can, if they are ignored, lead to tensions that the table does not contribute to resolving since, on the contrary, it creates or aggravates them. Culinary refusal is a conspicuous marker of the extent of agreement. The banquet can even, quite deliberately, prove to be the final theatre of hostile intentions. In those circumstances, the table provides, in line with a scale of increasing seriousness, the opportunity for an intolerable insult or the venue of premeditated poisoning.
The aim of this conference is to analyse how diplomatic and food practices link up together when the table becomes an additional, and, at times, a major setting for polite formality and ceremony. This will not involve the featuring of every national gastronomy but rather the examination of the part that the table can play during meetings, negotiations, at the end of conferences, and, more generally, in the everyday process of exchange. Even though the field of gastronomic studies is no longer neglected, the analysis of reception protocols has been the subject of fewer research studies, but these have paid particular attention to the topic of food at royal and princely courts. It will be interesting to understand the way in which European courts from the Middle Ages to the 21th century associated the table and negotiation. In fact, the history of diplomatic ceremonial, which was discredited by actors in diplomacy themselves at the end of the Ancien Régime, and which used to be neglected by historians as a legitimate subject of research, has experienced a remarkable return to favour over the last 15 years. As a subject of total history, the study of the state meal thus falls within the fields of material history (lighting materials, tableware, and glassware), of social history (organisation of trade associations and guilds), of the history of representations (place accorded to meat and alcohol in religious cultures; setting the scene to show power or equality), and of the cultural history of international relations, as it brings into play material and symbolic transfers as power-based relationships. This history also acts a stimulus to the understanding of culinary cultures, which are transmitted through the order of dishes, the choice of menus, the affirmation of gastronomic registers, the giving of prominence to chefs, or the calling on the services of craftsmen and specialist caterers.
Since the 1960s, the opening of a new phase of globalisation, combined with the effects of the radical change in social mores and of those, which are very noticeable in the 2000s, of the new revolution in telecommunications, prompts the rethinking of the place held by the time spent at the table within the framework of diplomatic exchanges in the present day. From the working lunch around a tray meal to the continued importance of the prestige dinner which reflects the image that the host state wants to communicate, the time taken or not taken to share a meal can be a sign of a standardisation of practices, of a suavity of manners, or, indeed, of their coarsening. The table’s place in diplomatic relations is of such importance that it can be the object of media attention. Whether recounted in the Chronicles or in newspaper articles, aspects of protocol, menu composition, the quality of the foodstuffs, as well as the sumptuousness or the simplicity of the courses are seized upon by photographers and journalists, as well as, nowadays, by internet bloggers. The intermixing, during this conference, of the history of both diplomatic and food practices appears to be a vital key to the deeper understanding of thinking on Europe’s cultural, culinary, and diplomatic identity, and its construction, deconstruction, and reconstruction from the viewpoint of the practices of other cultural areas. The table, a material and symbolic place of diplomatic negotiation par excellence, is also that of the recognition, and, indeed, of the negation of otherness. With this objective in mind, the conference will favour contributions from historians and art historians, anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists who are specialists of political communication, and comparative literature and cinema specialists. It will also be open to contributions from those working in the field of diplomatic gastronomy.
Numerous themes can be considered within a very wide-ranging area of potential study, in which no cultural area or continent, from the Middle Ages to the 21st century is to be excluded.

  • The evolution of practices and procedures relating to the organisation of receptions will be examined: venues (palaces, hotels, the village square, a ship at a port of call); type of service and protocol; table decor; association of music and live entertainment; speaking (speeches and toasts); ceremonial and protocol specialists; the choice of chefs and their teams, their transnational links; the creation of codes and conventions for the welcoming of distinguished guests
  • Menus will form the subject of analysis: the order of dishes; the taking into account of food taboos; the length of the meal; the choice of drinks; the place of wine and the selection of vintages; the symbolism of dishes; the iconography and design of menu cards
  • Table-specific behaviour will be given prominence: eating manners (hands; the use of eating implements); food taboos; the checking of food safety (food tasters); destructive intentionality (use of wine to loosen tongues, poisoning); the influence of religion on table practices and the use of certain products; the sociability associated with the table (polite conversation, confidence, spying, friendship, and emotional bonds; errors of appreciation; the lack of regard for conventions)
  • The porosity of food cultures can serve as a marker for the various stages of globalisation: the introduction of new products (coffee, chocolate, tea); the discovery of foreign cuisines
  • The evolution of the presence and participation of women at diplomatic meals will be examined: role and influence of the female rulers of organising countries; role of wives, courtesans, dancers, and singers
  • The spectacle of the table: the people at the meal, public opinion and publicity. The analysis of the evolution of the staging of the diplomatic meal, from the paintings of the modern era to the photographs of the G8, and also including literary descriptions, magazine articles, and the analysis of advertising, will enable the understanding of the evolution of representations linked to the place that the table holds in diplomatic communication
  • The place of the table in economic diplomacy and public diplomacy will be the subject of particular attention: suppliers of kitchen equipment and cookware; the export of food products and drinks; the influence of reception styles
  • The translation by the media of these occasions can also be considered (films of meal scenes within a diplomatic context, film clips; radio reports; literature)

Subject Areas

Contributions are welcome that cover:

  • New approaches to history of diplomatic practices
  • New approaches to history of food
  • Subject areas: history, history of art, anthropology, sociology, information and communication

Conference languages

English and French

Deadline for the submission of proposals for papers

Draft paper proposals (500 words maximum) and a short CV should be sent

On or before 15 mars 2015 at tablediplomatique@univ-tours.fr

All proposals will be studied, whatever the language used.

Scientific Committee

  • Laurence Badel (Panthéon-Sorbonne University)
  • Lucien Bély (Paris Sorbonne University)
  • Isabelle Bianquis (François Rabelais University, Tours)
  • Jane Cobbi (CNRS)
  • Jaroslaw Dumanowski (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun)
  • Marc de Ferrière le Vayer (François Rabelais University, Tours)
  • Michel Figeac (Bordeaux Montaigne University)
  • Bruno Laurioux (Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University)
  • Massimo Montanari (Alma Mater Università di Bologna)
  • Johannes Paulmann (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz)
  • Françoise Sabban (EHESS)
  • Peter Scholliers (Vrije Universiteit Brussels)
  • Jean-Pierre Williot (François Rabelais University, Tours)

Documents

Call for papers in French

Call for papers in English

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(Français) Colloque: “L’entreprise généalogique : pratiques sociales et imaginaires en Europe (XVe-XIXe siècles)”

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unnamedColloque international organisé par Stéphane Jettot (Université Paris-Sorbonne) et Marie Lezowski (École française de Rome/Université Paris-Sorbonne).
Paris, 27-28 novembre 2014.

Jeudi 27 novembre 2014

Reid Hall
4, rue de Chevreuse. Paris VIe

Matinée

La généalogie à l’épreuve des événements

Après-midi

Arbres, blasons, tombeaux… Imaginaires de la transmission

Vendredi 28 novembre 2014

Maison de la recherche. Université Paris-Sorbonne
28, rue Serpente. Paris VIe

Matinée

Le travail généalogique : investissements familiaux et individuels

Après-midi

La consommation des généalogies

EFR

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(Français) Journée historiographique du LabEx EHNE. De la civilisation matérielle aux flux européens : énergie, mobilité, communication (axe 1)

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JourHistorio01La première journée historiographique du LabEx EHNE, “De la civilisation matérielle aux flux européens : énergie, mobilité, communication (axe 1)” aura lieu le vendredi 12 décembre 2014 de 9h30 à 17h, à l’ISCC (Institut des sciences de la communication, 20 rue Berbier-du-Mets), dans la salle de conférence. Cette première journée est une belle occasion de découvrir les travaux de l’axe 1 (l’Europe comme produit de la civilisation matérielle: l’Europe en flux). Elle sera suivie d’autres journées du même type, organisées par les membres des autres axes du LabEx EHNE. Télécharger le programme au format PDF.

Programme

9h30 – Introduction. De l’histoire des techniques à l’histoire de l’innovation Pascal Griset, Université Paris-Sorbonne/ISCC 10h – L’historiographie du commerce international en Europe au 18e siècle Pierrick Pourchasse, Université de Bretagne occidentale Introduction par Reynald Abad, Université Paris-Sorbonne 11h – The futures of mobility history Gijs Mom, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven Introduction par Mathieu Flonneau, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne 12h – Power to the People, Energy in Europe over the last five centuries Astrid Kander, Lunds Universitet Introduction par Alain Beltran, CNRS 14h30 – Technologies de communications et histoire des médias : esquisse historiographique d’un champ interdisciplinaire Andreas Fickers, Université du Luxembourg Introduction par Léonard Laborie, CNRS 15h30 – Writing the Rules for Europe. The origins and impact of technocratic Internationalism Johan Schot, University of Sussex, Director of Science Policy Research Unit Introduction par Éric Bussière, Université Paris-Sorbonne, directeur du LabEx EHNE 16h30 – Conclusion Olivier Coutard, CNRS, directeur du Laboratoire techniques, territoires et sociétés (Latts)

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(Français) Programme de la journée d’études: “La ‘réconciliation’ après les conflits: un ‘savoir-faire’ européen?

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Le 21 novembre 2014, en partenariat avec l’Institut Historique Allemand, le LabEx EHNE et l’IRICE. Organisé par Corine Defrance (CNRS/IRICE).

En décembre 2012, l’Union Européenne a reçu le prix Nobel de la paix pour sa contribution à la réconciliation sur le continent. Le président du comité Nobel a fait une référence appuyée au processus de rapprochement franco-allemand et à « l’exemple » qu’il représente, « montrant que la guerre et le conflit peuvent rapidement laisser place à la paix et à la coopération ». Partant de cet événement, nous nous proposons d’interroger la polysémie de la notion de réconciliation et l’usage (désormais considérable !) du terme. La « réconciliation » est un processus politique, sociétal et culturel visant à rétablir confiance et coopération après un conflit, et elle est aussi le produit (état), toujours à entretenir, de ce processus. L’un des problèmes majeurs posés par la réconciliation est celui du traitement du passé, auquel des réponses très différentes ont été apportées. La réconciliation passe par des pratiques (gestes et initiatives concrets ou symboliques de rapprochement) et par la communication. La diversité des situations doit conduire à analyser les différents modes de rapprochement/réconciliation et leurs limites selon différentes échelles (infra-, inter- et trans- nationale) et à poser la question de la transférabilité de « modèles », d’expériences et d’outils de réconciliation. Quelle est la place spécifique de l’Allemagne et des relations franco- allemandes dans cette recherche de références pour les processus de réconciliation en Europe et au-delà de l’Europe ?

Le programme est est téléchargeable au format PDF.

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