Workshops: Call for papers “Widows, widowers and widowhoods in Europe in the contemporary period (19 e -20 e centuries)”

indexThis project arose from the fact that there was no general study on widowhood in Europe in the contemporary period, unlike other historic periods. Despite being almost invisible today, mainly because of the improvement in living conditions and transformations in family structures, widowhood has still been an important demographic phenomenon between the beginning of the 19th century and the 2000s. Because of its legal, social, cultural and psychological impact, widowhood constitutes an interesting prism through which to analyse the history of the practices and representations of European societies. As such, the present call for papers is addressed to the various disciplines of the human and social sciences : history, sociology, law, economy, political science, management, psychology, and literature, in order to compare different approaches and points of view.

Futhermore, the weight of national borders and the local or state frame of legislation has strongly influenced, until today, the way of conceiving legal, social and cultural phenomena such as widowhood. One of the objectives of this project is to review this conception by inspiring comparative or transnational studies. The studies can take place at two levels : the internal level, observing the diversity of widowhoods in Europe, comparing them and trying to understand possible interactions and mutual influences ; the external level, seeking to define similarities and characteristic differences between European societies regarding widowhood and the specificities of European widowhoods compared with the rest of the world.

This project, finally, aims at thinking of widowhood in its gendered dimension, in particular, avoiding the assimilation of widowhood exclusively to a feminine situation. Indeed widowers are the forgotten people of historiography and it would be interesting to analyse the reasons and the consequences for this absence in social policies and cultural representations. To think about male widowhood will allow a better perspective on the peculiarities of female widowhood and will highlight the social relationships and power relations in the context of differences in treatment or situation by sex.

Three transverse axes have been defined, each introducing three dimensions : multidiscipinary, European and gender. Every axis will be the object of a workshop.

Workshop 1 : Institutions and widowhood in Europe

The term « institutions » includes here as much public authorities (municipal, regional, state, European) as private authorities (corporatist, religious). What place does widowhood hold in the eyes of diverse private or public institutions ? Is widowhood considered by these institutions a state worthy of interest ? Which institutions are most interested in these 4populations according to place and time ? What relationships do these institutions maintain among themselves (in particular between the public and the private) ? Do they have relations of influence, of competition ? How do widowers and widows manage to be recognized by these institutions ? Three sub-axes can guide researchers:

  • Diversity and influence of institutions concerned by widowhood
  • Modalities of intervention by institutions relating to widowhood
  • Actors and actresses in the institutional recognition of widowhood

Workshop 2 : Norms, practices and representations of widowhood in Europe

Widowhood involves numerous practices at the social level. If today the conventions surrounding this marital status more or less have gone out of use, these conventions were very salient in European societies of the past. What were these conventions ? To what extent did individuals, confronted with needs and diverse desires, respect them, resist them and/or develop them ? To what extent do representations of widowhood incorporate the evolution of these conventions and practices of widowhood ? Three sub-themes will guide the paper proposals:

  • The traditions and the laws surrounding widowhood
  • The social realities of widowhood
  • The cultural representations of widowhood

Workshop 3 : Wars and widowhood in Europe

The term « war » includes all the conflicts which involved the European countries from the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century, the Napoleonic wars to the civil wars of the Balkans. We can also consider modern conflicts, in particular terrorism (September 11 attacks in the United States, Karachi 2002, Madrid 2004, London 2005 but also the attacks in the Spanish Basque Country). What is the impact of war on widowhood ? In what way does war modify legislation and the social uses and rites of widowhood and mourning ? In the context of war, are individuals more free in their movements or, on the contrary, more supervised by State and society ?

  • Institutions and war widowhood
  • Practices of mourning and widowhod in the context of war

Steering committee

Peggy Bette (CERHIO, Rennes 2) and Christel Chaineaud (CAHD, Bordeaux)

Scientific committee

Peggy Bette (CERHIO, université Rennes 2), Christel Chaineaud (CAHD, université Bordeaux), Magali Della Sudda (centre Emile Durkheim, Sciences Po-Bordeaux), Françoise Leborgne-Uguen (université de Bretagne occidentale-Brest), Yannick Marec (GRHIS, université Rouen), Simone Pennec (université de Bretagne occidentale-Brest), Paulette Robic (IEMN-IAE, université Nantes), Bruno Valat (centre universitaire Jean-François Champollion-FRAMESPA-université Toulouse 2), David G. Troyansky (Brooklyn College et le Graduate Center, City University of New York ), Olivier Vernier (ERMES, université Nice-Sophia Antipolis), Fabrice Virgili (IRICE, université Paris 1).

  • Day 1 : Institutions and widowhood, on Monday, december 8th 2014, Bordeaux
  • Day 2 : Standards, practices and representations of widowhood on 2015
  • Day 3 : Wars and widowhoods on 2016

Forms of the proposals of communication : text from 2 to 3000 signs in French or in English with name, university or institution. The text must include sources and methods. Deadline of submission : in june 20th, 2014 for the first workshop. A new call for papers will be made for workshop 2 and 3 but all proposals are welcome.

Thanks for sending your proposal of communication to veuvages.europe [at] gmail.com

For more enquiries : veuvages.europe [at] gmail.com

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(Français) Appel à communications: Journée d’études «Droits, liens à la nation et territoires en Europe, périodes moderne et contemporaine»

Sorry, this entry is only available in French. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

img_actu_279Université de Nantes, vendredi 28 novembre 2014

Organisateurs

  • Antonio de Almeida Mendes, MCF en histoire moderne, Université de Nantes
  • Pauline Peretz, MCF en histoire contemporaine, Université de Nantes

L’ambition de cette journée d’études est de comprendre comment le sentiment d’identité ou, plus justement, d’appartenance des migrants est affecté par leurs allers retours entre l’espace d’origine et l’espace d’arrivée. En quoi ces migrations de longue durée incitent-elles espaces d’origine (ou pays d’origine) et espaces d’arrivée (ou pays d’accueil) à étendre les droits à leurs ressortissants au-delà de leurs frontières, et à modifier ainsi sensiblement la définition qui était initialement la leur dans le seul cadre national ? Nous aimerions réfléchir à la continuité (et à la redéfinition) de ces interrogations entre les périodes moderne et contemporaine, à partir de traditions nationales – en particulier, mais pas seulement, les cas français, italien et portugais. Il s’agira notamment de questionner le présupposé selon lequel l’avènement de la citoyenneté et de l’Etat-nation redéfinit la nature de l’attachement au pays. Trois questions devraient structurer cette journée:

  • comment se construit l’attachement au pays où l’on est né ? Qu’est-ce qu’être « portugais », « italien », « français »… lorsque l’on va et vient entre son pays d’origine et un autre pays ?
  • que modifie l’engagement des Etats sur ce terrain d’un point de vue juridique (octroi de droits civiques, politiques, économiques, etc.) ? Quelles en sont les conséquences pour les droits accordés aux nationaux vivant au sein des frontières ? pour la démographie / le peuplement de ces pays ?
  • y a-t-il progressivement mise en place de modèles transnationaux de gouvernement des populations à distance – tentative de perpétuation des liens politiques, économiques, affectifs, familiaux, mémoriels, mobilisation des ressources produites par les ressortissants…?

Merci d’envoyer vos propositions de communication (1 page maximum) aux deux organisateurs de la journée avant le 1er juin 2014  : amendes [at] 9online.fr et pauline.peretz [at] ehess.fr

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FGTIC International Symposium: Women, gender and ICT (nineteenth- and twentieth-century, Europe)

fgticParis 15-16th May 2014
Institut des sciences de la communication du CNRS
20 rue Berbier-du-Mets, 75013 Paris
Free entry, register before 10th May. Contact: fgtic@iscc.cnrs.fr

15th May 2014

9.30-17.30

Morning

9.30 Opening Session

  • Eric Bussière, Professeur titulaire de la chaire Jean Monnet d’Histoire de la construction europeenne à l’Universite de Paris-Sorbonne, Directeur de l’UMR IRICE (Paris I, Paris IV, CNRS), Directeur du LabEx EHNE
  • Fabrice Virgili, Directeur de recherche au CNRS (IRICE, CNRS, LabEx EHNE), responsable de l’Axe « Genre et Europe » du Laboratoire d’excellence EHNE

10.00-10.55 From Telegraph to Telephone

Chair : Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan, Directeur du laboratoire HT2S-CNAM, Professeur (CNAM)

  • Telegraphy and the « New Woman » in late 19th Century Europe – Simone Müller-Pohl, University of Freiburg
  • L’affaire Sylviac (1904-1906) ou Jeanne d’Arc contre les demoiselles du telephone – Dominique Pinsolle, Universite Bordeaux-Montaigne

Break

11.10-12.30 From Radio to Networks

Chair : Cecile Meadel, Professeure à Mines ParisTech, Centre de sociologie de l’innovation

  • Mary Agnes Hamilton, femme de lettres, journaliste et deputee à l’âge d’or de la radiodiffusion et du suffrage des femmes – Audrey Vedel Bonnery, Universite Charles de Gaulle – Lille 3
  • Les femmes et l’arrivee du petit ecran dans les foyers – Claire Blandin, Universite Paris Est Creteil Val de Marne, UPEC-CRHEC (EA4392)
  • « Il a free, il a tout compris ? ». La mise en scène mediatique des usages des NTIC – Justine Marillonnet, Institut de la Communication de l’Universite Lumière Lyon 2

12.30 – 14.00 Free Lunch

Afternoon

14.00- 15.20 Pioneering Women

Chair : Frederic Clavert, Ingenieur de recherche, LabEx EHNE

  • Femmes expertes en langage d’indexation en Europe (XIXe-XXe siècles): Suzanne Briet, Marie Moliner, Karen Spark Jones – Sylvie Fayet-Scribe, Universite Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne
  • Hedy Lamarr – pioneer of modern wireless communication systems – Nicola Hille, University of Stuttgart
  • Heureusement qu’il y avait Yoko Tsuno – Sylvie Allouche, Universite de Technologie de Troyes, CREIDD

Break

15.40-17.00 In a binary world

Chair : Christophe Lecuyer, Professeur d’histoire des sciences et des techniques à l’Universite Pierre et Marie Curie et senior research fellow au Charles Babbage Institute à l’Universite du Minnesota.

  • From computing girls to data processors: Women computers in the Rothamsted Statistics Department – Giuditta Parolini, Berlin Center for the History of Knowledge and Technische Universität Berlin
  • Programmation informatique et genre en Europe : emergence et sexuation d’un metier entre 1960 et 1990 – Chantal Morley, Institut Mines-Telecom, Telecom École de Management, LITEM & Martina McDonnell, Institut Mines-Telecom,Telecom École de Management, LITEM
  • Les nouvelles technologies au service de l’internationalisme feministe post-guerre froide: « NEWW On-Line Project » – Ioana Cîrstocea, CNRS, UMR 7363 SAGE Strasbourg

17.00- 17.30 Femmes et médias, le regard de Médiamétrie

  • Philippe Tassi, Directeur General Adjoint de Mediametrie & Charles Juster, Directeur de la Communication de Mediametrie

16th May 2014

9.30-18.00

Morning

9.30-10.20 Careers and Professionnalisation

Chair : Gerard Alberts, Universiteit van Amsterdam

  • Breaking the « Glass Slipper »: Lessons from the Historical Evolution of Occupational Identity in ICT and Commercial Aviation Contexts – Karen Lee Ashcraft, Department of Communication, University of Colorado Boulder & Catherine Ashcraft, National Center for Women & IT, University of Colorado Boulder
  • Un âge d’or revolu ? Carrières feminines dans l’informatique en France (1955-1980) – Pierre Mounier-Kuhn, CNRS & Universite Paris-Sorbonne, Centre Alexandre Koyre

Break

10.35-12.30 Round-table Conference: Women Researchers in Computing

Moderator: Benjamin Thierry, Irice-CRHI, Paris-Sorbonne, ISCC

12.30-14.00 Free Lunch

Afternoon

14.00-15.20 Tools and Affirmation Spaces

Chair : Delphine Gardey, Directrice de l’Institut des Etudes Genre, Faculte des Sciences de la Societe, Universite de Genève

  • Airing the differences: women in the Spanish free radio movement (1976-2014) – Jose Emilio Perez Martínez, Department of Contemporary History, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Que reste-t-il de Donna Haraway ? Cyborg, feminisme et anthropocentrisme – Pierre Lenel, LISE (CNRS, CNAM)
  • Les TIC : outils de resistance feministe ou miroir deformant ? – Karine Bergès, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise

Break

15.40-17.15 Generational Approaches

Chair : Alec Badenoch, Department of Media and Culture Studies, Utrecht University

  • Sexuation des pratiques numeriques des seniors et expression de son identite de genre – Helène Bourdeloie, Universite Paris 13, LabSIC & Costech – UTC
  • La mise en scène genree des usages des TIC : une comparaison entre la presse « jeune » allemande et la française (1994-2014) – Marion Dalibert & Simona De Iulio, Universite de Lille3, Groupe d’etudes et de recherche interdisciplinaire en information et communication (GERiiCO)
  • Des adolescent-e-s et des jeux video. Quels heros, quelles heroïnes, pour les unes, pour les uns ? – Fanny Lignon, Universite Lyon 1 – ESPE, Laboratoire THALIM/ARIAS (CNRS/Paris3/ENS)
  • Les « blogs de filles » : espaces d’appropriation et de contestation du genre – Alexie Geers, Lhivic (Laboratoire d’histoire visuelle contemporaine) – EHESS

17.15 Closing Session

  • Anne Pepin, Directrice de la mission pour la place des femmes au CNRS
  • Ruth Oldenziel, Eindhoven University of Technology, Senior Fellow at the Rachel Carson Center, Munich

This International Symposium is organised by axes 1 and 6 of the LabEx EHNE (Ecrire une nouvelle histoire de l’Europe – Writing a New History of Europe, http://labex-ehne.fr//), in partnership with the CNRS Institute for Communication Sciences (ISCC) and with the support of the LISE (CNAM/CNRS).

Organizers

  • Delphine Diaz (IRICE, Universite Paris-Sorbonne, LabEx EHNE)
  • Valerie Schafer (ISCC, CNRS)
  • Regis Schlagdenhauffen (LISE, CNAM/CNRS, LabEx EHNE)
  • Benjamin Thierry (IRICE, Universite Paris-Sorbonne)

Program Committee

  • Gerard Alberts (Universiteit van Amsterdam)
  • Alec Badenoch (Department of Media and Cultural Studies, Utrecht University)
  • Isabelle Berrebi-Hoffmann (LISE, CNAM/CNRS)
  • Niels Brügger (The Centre for Internet Studies, Aarhus University)
  • Frederic Clavert (Universite Paris-Sorbonne, IRICE, LabEx EHNE)
  • Delphine Gardey (Faculte des Sciences de la Societe, Universite de Genève)
  • Pascal Griset (Universite Paris-Sorbonne, CRHI-IRICE/ISCC, LabEx EHNE)
  • Sandra Laugier (Universite Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, IUF)
  • Christophe Lecuyer (Universite Pierre et Marie Curie)
  • Ilana Löwy (Cermes, CNRS, EHESS, Inserm, Paris 5)
  • Cecile Meadel (CSI, MINES Paris Tech)
  • Ruth Oldenziel (Eindhoven University of Technology, Senior Fellow at the Rachel Carson Center, Munich)
  • Jean-Claude Ruano-Borbalan (HT2S, CNAM)
  • Fabrice Virgili (IRICE, CNRS, LabEx EHNE)

Conference Secretary

  • Arielle Haakenstad (Universite Paris-Sorbonne, IRICE/ISCC, LabEx EHNE)

For further informations : fgtic@iscc.cnrs.fr.

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