The Cultural Heritage of Europe @ 2018 – Re-assessing a Concept – Re-defining its Challenges
Centre André Chastel, Sorbonne Université, Paris
Conception: Michael Falser, professeur invité
Organisation : Michael Falser, Dany Sandron, Elinor Myara Kelif
Avec le soutien du LabEx « Écrire une Histoire Nouvelle de l’Europe » et du Centre André Chastel
Avec l’appui de Leïla Vaughn et Réza Kettouche
Lundi 4 juin 2018 :
9h00 : Mot de bienvenue de Dany Sandron (responsable de l’axe 7 du LabEx EHNE) et d’Alexandre
Gady (directeur du Centre André Chastel)
Introduction par Michael Falser (professeur invité, Sorbonne Université)
PANEL I: European Art and Architecture: Transcultural Heritage?
Art et architecture en Europe: un patrimoine transculturel?
Président de séance : Pascal Liévaux (Direction générale des patrimoines, Ministère de la Culture)
9h30 : Sabine du Crest (Université Bordeaux-Montaigne)
Objets frontière d’une Europe sans frontière ?
9h55 : Elizabeth Mix (Butler University, Indianapolis)
Transcultural (re) appropriation and the (re) assessment of the « European » heritage in the works of Ni Haifeng, Yinka Shonibare etc.
10h20 : Discussion et pause
11h00 : Jean-Sébastien Cluzel (Sorbonne Université, Paris)
Architecture japonaise hors les murs et architecture japonisante: héritage transculturel ?
11h25 : Michael Falser (Sorbonne Université, Paris)
Angkor Wat – a transcultural history of heritage?
11h50 : Discussion et pause
Panel II: European Heritage: Contested Entities, Questioned Categories
Patrimoine européen: entités contestées, catégories interrogées
Président de séance : Dominique Poulot (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
14h00 : Arnold Bartetzky (Universität Leipzig)
Eastern Europe as a Challenge for Nation-based Heritage Concepts
14h25 : Sanja Horvatincic (Institute of Art History, Zagreb)
Ambiguities and misuses of the ‘Totalitarian Heritage’ Discourse in Post-Socialist Europe
14h50 : Discussion et pause
15h40 : Robert Parthesius (New York University Abu Dhabi, Leiden University)
Footprints of the European Expansion: Whose heritage is stamped in?
16h05 : Ulrike Schmieder (Leibniz Universität Hannover)
The Cultural Heritage of Europe@2018 and the legacy of slave trade and slavery
16h30 : Discussion et pause
18h30 : Keynote
Dan Hicks (Oxford University)
Heritage and Impermanence: Refugee Material Culture as European Heritage?
Respondant: Michael Falser (Professeur Invité, Sorbonne Université, Paris)
Mardi 5 juin 2018
Panel III: Contextualizing Europe: Objects, Places and Knowledge as Shared Heritage?
Contextualiser l’Europe: Objets, lieux et savoirs comme patrimoine partagé ?
Président de séance : Barthélémy Jobert (Sorbonne Université, Paris)
9h30 : Gabi Dolff-Bonekämper/Hafid Hamdi-Chérif (Technische Universität Berlin/Paris-Constantine)
Patrimoines et appartenances culturelles: De la Convention de Faro (2005) au Manifeste Européen pour la multiple affiliation culturelle (2007)
9h55 : Chiara de Cesari (Amsterdam University)
European Heritage and Cultural Racism
10h20 : Discussion et pause
11h00 : Andrea Burroni, Giovanna Carugno (University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli)
Europe’s “cultural goods” and “national treasures”: Definitions, legislations, circulations
11h25 : Felicia Meynersen (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Berlin)
Historical depth and the European dimension. Cultural heritage data and its role in crisis archaeology
11h50 : Discussion et pause
Panel IV: European Heritage Rhetoric and Identity Politics Reconsidered
La rhétorique du patrimoine européen et les politiques identitaires reconsidérées
Président de séance : Jean-Baptiste Minnaert (Sorbonne Université, Paris)
14h00 : Viktorija Čeginskas, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus (University of Jyväskylä)
The geopolitics of Cultural Heritage: Two aspects of borders and the European Heritage Label
14h25 : Claire Bullen, Mark Ingram (Université Aix-Marseille, Goucher College)
The European Capitals of Culture Programme and the Mediterranean heritage-making in Marseille
14h50 : Discussion et pause
15h40 : Inês Quintanilha (NOVA Lisbon University)
House of European History in Brussels (2017): Musealising a European identity
16h05 : Alba Irollo (Europeana Foundation, The Hague)
Cultural Heritage and European Citizenship: The Challenges of 2018 (Euro-Barometer)
16h30 : Discussion
Context – Description
Today’s globalized concept of cultural heritage is often understood as a product of European modernity with its 19th-century emergence of territorially fixed nation-states and collective identity constructions. Within the theoretical overlap of the disciplines of history (of art), archaeology and architecture cultural properties and built monuments were identified and embedded into gradually institutionalized protection systems. In the colonial context up to the mid-20th century this specific conception of cultural heritage was transferred to non-European contexts, internationalized in the following decades after the WWII and taken as universal.
Postcolonial, postmodern and ethnically pluralistic viewpoints did rightly question the supposed prerogative of a European Leitkultur. Only rather recently did critical heritage studies engage with the conflicting implications of progressively globalized standards of cultural heritage being applied in very local, non-European and so-called ‘traditional’ contexts. However, in order to bridge what academia often tends to essentialize as a ‘Western’ and ‘non-Western’ divide of opposing heritage conceptions, a more balanced viewpoint is also needed in order to update the conceptual foundations of what ‘cultural heritage of/in Europe’ means today.
– The European Cultural Heritage Year 2018 – a campaign with unquestioned assumptions?
Right at the peak of an identity crisis of Europe with financial fiascos of whole nation states, military confrontations and refortified state borders at its continental peripheries with inflows of refugees from the Near East and the Global South did the European Council and Parliament representatives reach a provisional agreement to establish a European Year of Cultural Heritage in 2018. With affirmative slogans such as “We Europeans” and “our common European heritage”, the campaign intends to “raise awareness of European history and values, and strengthen a sense of European identity” (Press release of the European Council, 9 February 2017). However, with its unquestioned core assumption of the validity of Europe’s territorial status with simply interconnected borderlines of its affiliated member states and of a given collective ‘we’-identity within the European Union, this cultural-political campaign risks to miss the unique chance of a critical re-assessment of how a ‘European’ dimension of cultural heritage can be conceptualized in today’s globalized and inter-connected reality.
– The “cultural heritage of Europe” @ 2018: towards a global and transcultural approach
The global and transcultural turn in the disciplines of art and architectural history and cultural heritage studies helps to question the supposed fixity of territorial, aesthetic and artistic entity called Europe, more precisely the taxonomies, values and explanatory modes that have been built into the ‘European’ concept of cultural heritage and that have taken as universal.
By taking into consideration the recent processes of the accelerated exchange and global circulation of people, goods and ideas, the conference aims to reconstitute the old-fashioned units of analysis of what ‘European cultural heritage’ could be by locating the European and the non-European in a reciprocal relationship in order to evolve a non-hierarchical and broader conceptual framework. With a focus on cultural properties (artefacts), built cultural heritage (from single architectures, ensembles and sites to whole city- and cultural landscapes etc.), and their forms of heritagization (from archives, museums, collections to cultural reserves), case-studies for the conference can address the various forms of the ‘cultural’ within heritage: its ‘social’ level (actors, stakeholders, institutions etc.), its ‘mental’ level (concepts, terms, theories, norms, categories) and, most obviously, its ‘physical’ level with a view on manipulative strategies (such as transfer and translation, reuse and mimicry, replication and substitution etc.).
– The Host and the Network, Dates and Deadlines
The international two-day conference in French and English takes place on 4 and 5 June 2018 at the Institut national d’histoire de l’art (INHA) and is embedded into the Laboratory of Excellence (LabEx) “Writing a New History of Europe – Écrire une Histoire Nouvelle de l’Europe” at Sorbonne University. One of its seven thematic axes – entitled “National Traditions, Circulation and Identities in European Art” – acts as the principle host of the event: with a special focus on geography, historiography and cultural heritage, it looks at art history in the Labex perspective of finding both elements of explanations and answers to the crisis Europe is currently going through. Is conducted by the Centre André Chastel (the Research Laboratory of Art History under the tutelage of the National Center for Scientific Research/CNRS, Sorbonne University and the Ministry of Culture) as the co-sponsor of the conference. Finally, the conference is situated within the new Observatoire des Patrimoines (OPUS) of the united Sorbonne Universities.
The conference is conceived by Michael Falser, Visiting Professor for Architectural History and Cultural Heritage Studies at Paris-Sorbonne (2018), in association with Dany Sandron, Professor of Art History at Sorbonne University/Centre Chastel and speaker of LabEx, axis 7.
Elinor Myara Kelif (practical information)
Leïla Vaughn (practical information)
Michael Falser (scientific concept)
Place: Galerie Colbert, INHA (Institut national d’Histoire de l’Art) Salle Vasari (1er étage)
Access: 6 rue des Petits Champs, 75002 Paris / 2 rue Vivienne, 75002 Paris
Métro: Bourse, Pyramides ou Palais Royal-Musée du Louvre
Free Entry, subject to availability (reservation: firstname.lastname@example.org)