Figuring war with maps in Europe

Agence Meurisse, War map along a boulevard, with curious onlookers, press photograph, 1918.
Jean-Baptiste Verzy, The Emperor Napoleon in his bivouac mentally preparing the victory of Austerlitz, aquatint, 19.2 x 28 cm, circa 1810. Source: Gallica
Kriegsspiel, war game created in 1812 by Georg Leopold von Reiswitz for Friedrich Wilhelm III (Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg)


Military mapping is very old in origin, yet it was during the early modern period that this tool began to modify the nature of combat and its preparation. European states and their armies played a prominent role in this evolution. War shaped European cartography in the seventeenth century, and war was subsequently transformed by maps through their various combat-related uses, from battle planning to celebration. They also played a part in redefining it.