"Pacification", an Imperial Process

Submission to consul Auguste Pavie and commandant Théophile Pennequin of the White Thai from the Black river (Tonkin, 1888).

Pacification is a term generally appended to the colonial wars and wars of decolonization waged by Europeans throughout their overseas empires. A diachronic analysis helps demonstrate how this term is much more complex, and that it has roots in the very origins of Europe, for it was derived from the Roman Republic, and has been in continual use ever since.