The twentieth century saw various opposing interpretations of Mannerism. The followers of modern art first sought to rehabilitate this art, which had been disdained for so long, by seeing it as a “proto-avant-garde” freed from the classical model. However, in a conservative and nationalist spirit, art historians made it a symbol of artistic decadence. After 1945, when Europe was in full reconstruction, Mannerism was seen as a truly European art that had enabled different nations to “speak” a same “language”…

Jacopo Pontormo, Deposition from the Cross, 1525-1528, Florence, Santa Felicita, Chapelle Capponi

Source : Mannerism