War Reporters

Auteur-e-s

Anglais

War reporters are intimately linked—in social, cultural and military, as well as in technological and economic terms—­to the history both of the modern media and of modern war.

Whether they are anonymous or famous figures like Albert Londres, they offer the wider public their personal experience of the wars that they experience up close on a daily basis. Though controlled, censored or even used as propaganda mouthpieces, they nevertheless fulfill a ‘mission’: to inform.

Alan Wood, the war correspondent, typing his despatch in a wood outside Arnhem; with him are three members of the 1st British-Airborne Division. 18 September 1944

Source : War Reporters
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Colonial Sciences


Anglais

From the late eighteenth century onwards, the major European colonial powers founded research institutions in their Asian colonies. In Batavia in 1778, the Dutch inaugurated the Society of Arts and Sciences, which promoted the study of the history and archeology of the Dutch East Indies. In 1784, the British created the Asiatic Society of Calcutta, which according to its founder, William Jones, was to take an interest in all of the societies and countries in Asia. The French founded the École française d’Extrême-Orient in Hanoi in 1900, in order to develop philological and archeological research on Indochina, and more generally on all Asian civilizations. From the start these learned institutions relied on the work of native scholars, and advised the colonial administrations by helping craft certain public policies.

Cham Sculpture Museum in Đà Nẵng.

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Feminism and Neo-Malthusianism

Auteur-e-s

Anglais

Feminism and neo-Malthusianism took form as movements in Europe in the late nineteenth century. Only a few radical feminists shared the views of neo-Malthusians, while reformists emphasized the value of maternity, and used it to legitimize their demands in the face of populationist governments. The second half of the twentieth century marked a turning point, as the positions of these two branches grew closer together, fostered by scientific advances in contraception.

Poster of the C.B.C. Mother’s clinics, notice on the use of condoms.

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Painting War

Auteur-e-s

Anglais

War featured strongly in European art during the Renaissance, especially in painting. At that time, depicting war meant painting battles: it was a question of illustrating in order to tell a story. Already, however, artists began to be drawn to the suffering of civilians and to denounce the violence of war. This tendency increased in the late eighteenth century with the advent of mass war. Increasingly politically committed, artists became the heralds of pacifism in the twentieth century.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Massacre of the Innocents 1565-67, oil on panel (102×155 cm)

Source : Painting War
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Writing on War

Auteur-e-s

Anglais

War is at the heart of European literature regardless of genre, the author’s origin, or artistic movements. Arturo Pérez-Reverte’s autobiographical novel, while following traditional codes, offers an original vision of war considered in the long view, and analyzed from every angle. The reader is then placed in an uncomfortable situation, for although war, which is reported on widely and in differing ways, seems familiar, the issues raised by the work place the reader before a reality that escapes him.

Exterior view of the Panorama Museum of Bad Frankenhausen that houses the monumental fresco (14 m x 123 m) painted by Werner Tübke from 1983 to 1987.

Source : Writing on War
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Euréka, des chercheurs LabEx à Blois !

Les membres du LabEx EHNE sont de retour aux Rendez-vous de l’Histoire de Blois du 4 au 8 octobre 2017. Découvrez nos tables rondes et cafés littéraires pour inventer une nouvelle histoire de l’Europe!

Tables rondes

Vendredi 6 octobre

La Poste : changement et innovation au début du XXIe siècle
17 h 30-19 h, Préfecture
Intervenants : Mathieu Flonneau (Paris 1), Léonard Laborie (CNRS-ISCC), Valérie Schafer (CNRS-ISCC)
Modérateur : Éric Godelier (Polytechnique)

Voir le compte-rendu

Samedi 7 octobre

Du « I want my money back » au Brexit. L’évolution des relations entre l’Europe et la Grande-Bretagne
11 h 30-13 h, salle 23, ESPÉ
Intervenants : Éric Bussière (Paris-Sorbonne), Laurent Warlouzet (univ. Littoral-Côte d’Opale), Audrey Vedel-Bonnery, Jonathan Faull (Commission européenne)
Modérateur : Christian Wenkel (univ. d’Artois)

Voir le compte-rendu

Inventer l’Europe. Technologies et constructions européennes depuis le XXIe siècle
16 h-17 h 30, Amphi Denis Papin, INSA
Intervenants : Pascal Griset (Paris-Sorbonne), Andreas Fickers (univ. Luxembourg), Alexander Badenoch (univ. Utrecht)
Modérateur : Léonard Laborie (CNRS)

Dimanche 8 octobre

L’urgence de mémorialisation des violences extrêmes est-elle un phénomène nouveau ?
14 h-15 h 30, Site de la chocolaterie de l’IUT, amphi 1
Intervenants : Simon Perego (LabEx EHNE), Gérôme Truc (CNRS), Henry Rousso (CNRS), Sarah Gensburger (CNRS)
Modérateur : Philippe Ménard (Paris-Sorbonne)

 

Cafés littéraires 

Vendredi 6 octobre

La « Révolution culturelle nazie »
14 h-15 h, Salon du livre
Intervenant : Johann Chapoutot (Paris-Sorbonne)
Modérateur : Maurice Sartre (univ. Tours)

Les illégalismes comme défis. Le cas de la prostitution et de l’avortement (fin XIXe-début XXe siècle)
17 h 30-19 h, Amphi vert, Campus de la CCI
Intervenants : Fabrice Cahen (INED), Clyde Plumauzille (LabEx EHNE)
Modératrice : Mathilde Rossigneux (univ. Lyon 2)

Samedi 7 octobre

Donner chair et parole aux femmes qui ont fait l’histoire
9 h 45-11 h 15, salle Kléber-Lousteau, Conseil départemental
Pour la sortie en avant-première du livre collectif publié aux éditions Perrin L’Europe des femmes (XVIIIe-XXIe siècle)
Intervenants : Anne-Laure Briatte (Paris-Sorbonne), Julie Le Gac (Paris-Nanterre), Yannick Ripa (Paris 8), Mélanie Traversier (Lille 3), Fabrice Virgili (CNRS)
Modératrice : Julie Verlaine (Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Les luttes et les rêves
17 h-18 h, Amphi vert, Campus de la CCI
Pour la sortie du livre publié aux éditions La Découverte Les luttes et les rêves. Une histoire populaire de la France
Intervenants : Fabrice Virgili (CNRS), Michelle Zancharini-Fournel (univ. Lyon 2)

Dimanche 8 octobre

Histoires d’Europe, Culture d’Europe
10 h-11 h, Salon du livre
Intervenants : Christophe Charle (Paris 1), Denis Crouzet (Paris-Sorbonne), Emmanuelle Loyer
Modérateur : Étienne Augris (Revue Éléphant)

 

Site des 20e RV de l’Histoire
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Migrations of Italian Artists to France, from 1650 to 1789


Anglais

Beginning in the mid-seventeenth century and until the French Revolution, numerous talents born in Northern or Central Italy were driven to leave their country to pursue their professions in other European states. This phenomenon, indicative of the economic and cultural decline of these ultramontane regions, was particularly notable for France around 1650 thanks to Mazarin, who had become Prime Minister, but also during the Regency thanks to Anne of Austria. The young Louis XIV soon took over, before even the start of his reign. It was during this period that painters, architects, stage designers, composers and singers came to Paris from Bologna, Modena, Venice, Florence or Rome. They enjoyed remarkable success beginning in 1645 in Paris and in other locations where the court resided; the influence exerted by some would sometimes prove to be lasting, and would extend to other European countries.

Versailles, representation of Alceste by Lully and Quinault during the celebration of the 4th of july 1674, engraving: Le Pautre.

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Military-virile model (The)

Auteur-e-s

Anglais

The tight if not exclusive link between the army and masculinity resulted in the implementation of a military-virile model, which was based on the achievement of virtues that seemingly justify male domination. This military “gender” was part of a series of power relations aiming to exclude certain categories from the body politic (women, the colonized), as well as to legitimize the burden placed on society, especially in the form of conscription. The reception of this model depended essentially on the degree of militarization of European societies, and therefore on the type of government and the value it placed on the figure of the soldier. In the twenty-first century, this model seems to involve solely military institutions, and has been called into question by their feminization.

“Boxing exercises,” postcard, France, 1914.

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Les images de synthèse au cinéma

Cécile Welker, Laurent JullierLes images de synthèse au cinéma, coll. Focus Cinéma, Armand Colin, juin 2017.

Illustré d’exemples variés et d’entretiens de spécialistes, ce livre propose une synthèse en répondant à toutes les questions que l’on peut se poser sur les évolutions des technologies, des pratiques et des métiers liées à l’apparition des images de synthèse au cinéma. (suite…)

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400 ans d’innovation navale. La construction navale en France de Richelieu à nos jours

Pascal Griset400 ans d’innovation navale. La construction navale en France de Richelieu à nos jours, Nouveau Monde éditions, 2017, 288 p.

Au service de la Royale puis de la Marine, les arsenaux ont évolué jusqu’à devenir aujourd’hui la colonne vertébrale d’une entreprise de haute technologie, capable d’intervenir dans toutes les étapes du cycle de vie des navires (bâtiments de surface et sous-marins) : conception, production, maintenance, formation… (suite…)

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